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Pirelli Tyres

Different Pirelli tyres used in 2012

Forumula One tyres are a high performance racing tyre deisgned specifically for use by Formula One cars. The tyres have undergone significant changes throughout the history of Formula One, with different manufacturers and specifications used in the sport. A Formula One tyre is often designed to last for, at most, 200 kilometres and - like everything else on a F1 car is constructed to be as light and strong as possible. Even so, F1 tyres are far tougher than those on used on ordinary road cars, which may be able to last for 20,000 miles or more, but would not stand a chance against the rigours of F1 racing. Often different type of tyre compounds will be avaible to teams, such as hard and soft or special tyres for use in wet conditions.

HistoryEdit

Over the years Formula One tyres have evolved and changed many times. The first tyres used in Formula One during the 1950's were tall and thin and featured tread. Generally both the front and rear tyres were the same size. By the early 1960's tyres had become wider and flatter. In the mid 60's rear tyres started to become larger than the front tyres.

Slick racing tyres were first introduced during the 1971 Formula One season by Goodyear. This increased the size of the contact patch between tyre and track providing more grip than the treaded tyres used previously. During the 1970's the size difference between rear and front tyres increase with rear tyres becoming wider and front tyres smaller. In 1977 Michelin introduced the first radial tyre. This would eventualy become the normal tyre due to their construction giving them a more constant ride height which was important due to the ever increasing reliance of aerodynamics.

By the 1980's there were several different companies providing tyres which would lead to fierce competition to make the best tyre. Due to this special tyres for use in Qualifying began to appear. These tyres would give lots more grip but would only last for a short amount of time. During the 80's and early 1990's tyre shapes and sizes began to equal out again with both rear and front being similar sizes. In 1985 tyre blankets were used for the first time. These are blankets that are used to warm tyres up while they are in the pits and when the car is on the grid. Without this prior heating the tyres would take on avergae two laps before they got to their prime working temperature.

D07aus1799

Grooved Bridgestone tyres

In 1998 grooved tyres were introduced with 3 grooves in the front tyres and 4 grooves in the rear tyres. Between 1999 and 2008, regulations required the tyres to feature a minimum of four grooves in them, with the intention of slowing the cars down (a slick tyre, with no indentations, is best in dry conditions due to the larger contact patch). They could be no wider than 355 mm and 380 mm at the front and rear respectively and the maximum diameter was 660 mm (670 mm for wet tyre).

In 2005, tyre changes were disallowed in Formula One, therefore the compounds were harder as the tyres had to last the full race distance (around 300 km). Tyre changes were re-instated in 2006, following the dramatic and highly political 2005 United States Grand Prix.

Slick tyres were reintroduced at the beginning of the 2009 season along with aerodynamics changes intended to shift the balance towards mechanical grip in an attempt to increase overtaking.

ManufacturersEdit

Past manufacturers include:

Tyre manufacturers by seasonEdit

Season Manufacturer 1 Race(s) won Manufacturer 2 Race(s) won Manufacturer 3 Race(s) won Manufacturer 4 Race(s) won Manufacturer 5 Race(s) won Manufacturer 6 Race(s) won
1950 Italy Pirelli 6 United States Firestone 1 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 Belgium Englebert 0
1951 Italy Pirelli 7 United States Firestone 1 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 Belgium Englebert 0
1952 Italy Pirelli 6 Belgium Englebert 1 United States Firestone 1 United Kingdom Dunlop 0
1953 Italy Pirelli 8 United States Firestone 1 Belgium Englebert 0 United Kingdom Dunlop 0
1954 Italy Pirelli 4 Germany Continental 4 United States Firestone 1 Belgium Englebert 0 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 United Kingdom Avon 0
1955 Germany Continental 5 Belgium Englebert 1 United States Firestone 1 Italy Pirelli 0 United Kingdom Dunlop0
1956 Belgium Englebert 5 Italy Pirelli 2 United States Firestone 1 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 United Kingdom Avon 0
1957 Italy Pirelli 7 United States Firestone 1 Belgium Englebert 0 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 United Kingdom Avon 0
1958 United Kingdom Dunlop 7 Belgium Englebert 2 Germany Continental 1 United States Firestone 1 Italy Pirelli 0 United Kingdom Avon 0
1959 United Kingdom Dunlop 8 United States Firestone 1 United Kingdom Avon 0
1960 United Kingdom Dunlop 9 United States Firestone 1
1961 United Kingdom Dunlop 8
1962 United Kingdom Dunlop 9
1963 United Kingdom Dunlop 10
1964 United Kingdom Dunlop 10 United States Goodyear 0
1965 United Kingdom Dunlop 9 United States Goodyear 1
1966 United States Goodyear 4 United Kingdom Dunlop 3 United States Firestone 2
1967 United States Firestone 6 United States Goodyear 5 United Kingdom Dunlop 0
1968 United States Firestone 6 United States Goodyear 3 United Kingdom Dunlop 3
1969 United Kingdom Dunlop 6 United States Goodyear 3 United States Firestone 2
1970 United States Firestone 10 United Kingdom Dunlop 2 United States Goodyear 1
1971 United States Goodyear 7 United States Firestone 4
1972 United States Firestone 7 United States Goodyear 5
1973 United States Goodyear 15 United States Firestone 0
1974 United States Goodyear 15 United States Firestone 0
1975 United States Goodyear 14 United States Firestone 0
1976 United States Goodyear 16 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 Japan Bridgestone 0
1977 United States Goodyear 17 United Kingdom Dunlop 0 Japan Bridgestone 0 France Michelin 0
1978 United States Goodyear 11 France Michelin 5
1979 United States Goodyear 8 France Michelin 7
1980 United States Goodyear 11 France Michelin 3
1981 France Michelin 13 United States Goodyear 2 United Kingdom Avon 0 Italy Pirelli 0
1982 United States Goodyear 8 France Michelin 8 Italy Pirelli 0 United Kingdom Avon 0
1983 France Michelin 9 United States Goodyear 6 Italy Pirelli 0
1984 France Michelin 14 United States Goodyear 2 Italy Pirelli 0
1985 United States Goodyear 15 Italy Pirelli 1
1986 United States Goodyear 15 Italy Pirelli 1
1987 United States Goodyear 16
1988 United States Goodyear 16
1989 United States Goodyear 16 Italy Pirelli 0
1990 United States Goodyear 16 Italy Pirelli 0
1991 United States Goodyear 15 Italy Pirelli 1
1992 United States Goodyear 16
1993 United States Goodyear 16
1994 United States Goodyear 16
1995 United States Goodyear 17
1996 United States Goodyear 16
1997 United States Goodyear 17 Japan Bridgestone 0
1998 Japan Bridgestone 9 United States Goodyear 7
1999 Japan Bridgestone 16
2000 Japan Bridgestone 17
2001 Japan Bridgestone 13 France Michelin 4
2002 Japan Bridgestone 15 France Michelin 2
2003 Japan Bridgestone 9 France Michelin 7
2004 Japan Bridgestone 15 France Michelin 3
2005 France Michelin 18 Japan Bridgestone 1
2006 France Michelin 9 Japan Bridgestone 9
2007 Japan Bridgestone 17
2008 Japan Bridgestone 18
2009 Japan Bridgestone 17
2010 Japan Bridgestone 19
2011 Italy Pirelli 19
2012 Italy Pirelli 20

RecordsEdit

Ordered by number of races won. These results are correct as of the end of the 2013 Brazilian Grand Prix.

Pos Manufacturer Seasons Starts Wins Sole
supplier
First win Last win World Championships
Drivers Constr.
1 United States Goodyear 19591998 494 368 113 1965 Mexican Grand Prix 1998 Italian Grand Prix 24 26
2 Japan Bridgestone 19761977
19972010
244 175 116 1998 Australian Grand Prix 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 11 11
3 France Michelin 19771984
20012006
215 102 0 1978 Brazilian Grand Prix 2006 Japanese Grand Prix 6 4
4 Italy Pirelli 19501958
19811986
19891991
2011 – Present
258 102 68 1950 British Grand Prix 2013 Brazilian Grand Prix 9 3
5 United Kingdom Dunlop 19501970
19761977
175 83 0 1958 Monaco Grand Prix 1970 Belgian Grand Prix 8 9
6 United States Firestone 19501975 121 49 11 1950 Indianapolis 500 1972 Italian Grand Prix 4 3
7 Germany Continental 19541958 13 10 0 1954 French Grand Prix 1958 Argentine Grand Prix 2 0
8 Belgium Englebert 19501958 61 8 0 1955 Monaco Grand Prix 1958 British Grand Prix 2 0
9 United Kingdom Avon 19541958
19811982
29 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formula_One_tyres
  2. http://www.formula1-dictionary.net/tires.html
  3. http://www.f1technical.net/articles/1

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