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1991 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
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1990 1992
Races 16
Drivers 41
Teams 19
Engine Suppliers Ferrari, Ford, Honda, Ilmor, Judd, Lamborghini, Porsche, Renault, Yamaha
Tyre Suppliers P G
Drivers' Champion
Senna 1991
Brazil Ayrton Senna (McLaren-Honda) - 96 points
Constructors' Champion
Mclaren logo 1991-1997
United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren - 139 points

The 1991 Formula One season was the 42nd season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1991 FIA Formula One World Championship, which commenced on 10 March 1991 and ended on 3 November after sixteen races. Ayrton Senna won his third and last Drivers' World Championship and McLaren-Honda won the Constructors' Championship. Senna's main title challenger was Nigel Mansell at Williams, who won five races on his return to the team compared to Senna's seven. 1991 also saw the debuts of future world champions Michael Schumacher and Mika Häkkinen.

Pre-seasonEdit

Rule changesEdit

  • Front wings were narrowed from 150 cm (59 in) to 140 cm (55 in). Rear overhangs were reduced from 60 cm (24 in) to 50 cm (20 in).
  • More stringent testing of survival cell was introduced by the FIA including seat belts, fuel tanks and rollbar.
  • The points scoring system was overhauled, a win now secured 10 points and all results would now count instead of the best eleven scores.

Driver changesEdit

Team changesEdit

Calendar changesEdit

TestingEdit

Teams and DriversEdit

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1991 FIA Formula One World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver Rounds
United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda MP4/6 Honda RA121E 3.5 V12 G 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna All
2 Austria Gerhard Berger All
United Kingdom Braun Tyrrell Honda Tyrrell-Honda 020 Honda RA101E 3.5 V10 P 3 Japan Satoru Nakajima All
4 Italy Stefano Modena All
United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams-Renault FW14 Renault RS3 3.5 V10 G 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell All
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese All
United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham-Yamaha BT59Y
BT60Y
Yamaha OX99 3.5 V12 P 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle All
8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell All
United Kingdom Footwork Grand Prix International Footwork-Porsche A11C
FA12
Porsche 3512 3.5 V12 G 9 Italy Michele Alboreto 1–6
10 Italy Alex Caffi 1–4
Sweden Stefan Johansson 5–6
Footwork-Ford FA12C Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 9 Italy Michele Alboreto 7–16
10 Sweden Stefan Johansson 7–8
Italy Alex Caffi 9–16
United Kingdom Team Lotus Lotus-Judd 102B Judd EV 3.5 V8 G 11 Finland Mika Häkkinen All
12 United Kingdom Julian Bailey 1–4
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 5–8, 11, 13, 15–16
Germany Michael Bartels 9–10, 12, 14
Italy Fondmetal Fondmetal-Ford FA1M-E
Fomet-1
Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 14 France Olivier Grouillard 1–13
Italy Gabriele Tarquini 14–16
United Kingdom Leyton House Racing Leyton House-Ilmor CG911 Ilmor 2175A 3.5 V10 G 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin All
16 Italy Ivan Capelli 1–14
Austria Karl Wendlinger 15–16
France Automobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives AGS-Ford JH25
JH25B
JH27
Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini 1–13
France Olivier Grouillard 14
18 Sweden Stefan Johansson 1–2
Italy Fabrizio Barbazza 3–14
United Kingdom Camel Benetton Ford Benetton-Ford B190B
B191
Ford HBA4 3.5 V8
Ford HBA5 3.5 V8
P 19 Brazil Roberto Moreno 1–11
Germany Michael Schumacher 12–16
20 Brazil Nelson Piquet All
Italy Scuderia Italia Dallara-Judd F191 Judd GV 3.5 V10 P 21 Italy Emanuele Pirro All
22 Finland JJ Lehto All
Italy Minardi Team Minardi-Ferrari M191 Ferrari 037 3.5 V12 G 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini All
24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli 1–15
Brazil Roberto Moreno 16
France Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier-Lamborghini JS35
JS35B
Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G 25 Belgium Thierry Boutsen All
26 France Érik Comas All
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 642
643
Ferrari 037 3.5 V12 G 27 France Alain Prost 1–15
Italy Gianni Morbidelli 16
28 France Jean Alesi All
France Larrousse F1 Lola-Ford LC91 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 29 France Éric Bernard 1–15
Belgium Bertrand Gachot 16
30 Japan Aguri Suzuki All
Italy Coloni Racing Coloni-Ford C4 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 31 Portugal Pedro Chaves 1–13
Japan Naoki Hattori 15–16
Ireland Team 7Up Jordan Jordan-Ford 191 Ford HBA4 3.5 V8 G 32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 1–10
Germany Michael Schumacher 11
Brazil Roberto Moreno 12–13
Italy Alessandro Zanardi 14–16
33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris All
Italy Modena Team Lambo-Lamborghini 291 Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G 34 Italy Nicola Larini All
35 Belgium Eric van de Poele All

Season calendarEdit

10 March - United States Grand Prix

United States Phoenix street circuit, Arizona

24 March - Brazilian Grand Prix

Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo

28 April - San Marino Grand Prix

San Marino Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari, Imola

12 May - Monaco Grand Prix

Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo

Phoenix91
Sapaulo910324
Sanmarino91
Montecarlo910512

2 June - Canadian Grand Prix

Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal

16 June - Mexican Grand Prix

Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City

7 July - French Grand Prix

France Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, Magny-Cours

14 July - British Grand Prix

United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone

24 July - German Grand Prix

Germany Hockenheimring, Hockenheim

11 Auguat - Hungarian Grand Prix

Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród

25 August - Belgian Grand Prix

Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot

8 September - Italian Grand Prix

Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza

22 September - Portugese Grand Prix

Portugal Autódromo do Estoril, Estoril

29 September - Spanish Grand Prix

Spain Circuit de Catalunya, Montmeló

20 October - Japanese Grand Prix

Japan Suzuka Circuit, Mie

3 November - Australian Grand Prix

Australia Adelaide Street Circuit, Adelaide

Season reviewEdit

At round 4 in Monaco Senna once again dominated taking pole position and winning by 18 second ahead of second placed Mansell who recorded his first podium and finish of the year. The biggest surprise of the event was Tyrrell driver Stefano Modena taking second place on the grid in his Honda V12 powered 020, and looking to finish there in the race before his engine blew on lap 43 forcing him to retire.

Results and standingsEdit

Grands PrixEdit

Round Grand Prix Location Pole Position Fastest Lap Winning Driver Winning Constructor Report
1 United States United States Grand Prix Phoenix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Jean Alesi Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
2 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Interlagos Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
3 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix Imola Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
4 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
5 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Report
6 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Hermanos Rodríguez Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
7 France French Grand Prix Magny-Cours Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Silverstone United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
9 Germany German Grand Prix Hockenheimring United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Hungaroring Brazil Ayrton Senna Belgium Bertrand Gachot Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Roberto Moreno Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
13 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix Estoril Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
14 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Catalunya Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Suzuka Austria Gerhard Berger Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix Adelaide Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report

Drivers' standingsEdit

Points for the 1991 Drivers' Championship were awarded on a 10–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the first six places in each race.

Pos Driver USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
MEX
Mexico
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points
1 Brazil Ayrton Senna 1 1 1 1 Ret 3 3 4 7 1 1 2 2 5 2 1 96
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ret Ret Ret 2 6 2 1 1 1 2 Ret 1 DSQ 1 Ret 2 72
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese Ret 2 Ret Ret 3 1 5 Ret 2 3 5 Ret 1 3 3 5 53
4 Austria Gerhard Berger Ret 3 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 4 4 2 4 Ret Ret 1 3 43
5 France Alain Prost 2 4 DNS 5 Ret Ret 2 3 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 2 4 34
6 Brazil Nelson Piquet 3 5 Ret Ret 1 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 3 6 5 11 7 4 26.5
7 France Jean Alesi 12 6 Ret 3 Ret Ret 4 Ret 3 5 Ret Ret 3 4 Ret Ret 21
8 Italy Stefano Modena 4 Ret Ret Ret 2 11 Ret 7 13 12 Ret Ret Ret 16 6 10 10
9 Italy Andrea de Cesaris DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 4 4 6 Ret 5 7 13 7 8 Ret Ret 8 9
10 Brazil Roberto Moreno Ret 7 13 4 Ret 5 Ret Ret 8 8 4 Ret 10 16 8
11 Italy Pierluigi Martini 9 Ret 4 12 7 Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 12 Ret 4 13 Ret Ret 6
12 Finland JJ Lehto Ret Ret 3 11 Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 12 4
13 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 10 13 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 6 6 9 DNQ 4
14 Germany Michael Schumacher Ret 5 6 6 Ret Ret 4
15 Japan Satoru Nakajima 5 Ret Ret Ret 10 12 Ret 8 Ret 15 Ret Ret 13 17 Ret Ret 2
16 Finland Mika Häkkinen Ret 9 5 Ret Ret 9 DNQ 12 Ret 14 Ret 14 14 Ret Ret 19 2
17 United Kingdom Martin Brundle 11 12 11 EX Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 9 13 12 10 5 DNQ 2
18 Italy Emanuele Pirro Ret 11 DNPQ 6 9 DNPQ DNPQ 10 10 Ret 8 10 Ret 15 Ret 7 1
19 United Kingdom Mark Blundell Ret Ret 8 Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 6 12 Ret Ret DNPQ 17 1
20 Italy Ivan Capelli Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 Ret 8 17 Ret 1
21 France Éric Bernard Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 1
22 Japan Aguri Suzuki 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNQ 1
23 United Kingdom Julian Bailey DNQ DNQ 6 DNQ 1
24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret 13 Ret 9 9 14 Ret 6 0.5
Brazil Maurício Gugelmin Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret 11 Ret 15 7 7 8 14 0
Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ret 10 7 7 Ret 8 12 Ret 9 17 11 Ret 16 Ret 9 Ret 0
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert DNQ 10 10 14 7 Ret Ret 11 0
Italy Nicola Larini 7 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret 16 DNQ 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0
France Érik Comas DNQ Ret 10 10 8 DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 10 Ret 11 11 Ret Ret 18 0
Italy Gabriele Tarquini 8 Ret DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 12 11 DNPQ 0
Italy Alex Zanardi 9 Ret 9 0
Belgium Eric van de Poele DNPQ DNPQ 9 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
Italy Alex Caffi DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 10 15 0
France Olivier Grouillard DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 10 Ret DNPQ DNPQ 0
Italy Michele Alboreto Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNQ 15 Ret DNQ 13 0
Austria Karl Wendlinger Ret 20 0
Sweden Stefan Johansson DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
Italy Fabrizio Barbazza DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Germany Michael Bartels DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
Portugal Pedro Chaves DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Japan Naoki Hattori DNPQ DNPQ 0
Pos Driver USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
MEX
Mexico
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest lap

Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.
Half points were awarded at the Australian Grand Prix as the race was stopped after 14 laps (out of 81) due to torrential rain.

Constructors' standingsEdit

Points for the 1991 Drivers' Championship were awarded on a 10–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the first six places in each race.

Pos Constructor Car
no.
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
MEX
Mexico
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Pts
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1 1 1 1 1 Ret 3 3 4 7 1 1 2 2 5 2 1 139
2 Ret 3 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 4 4 2 4 Ret Ret 1 3
2 United Kingdom Williams-Renault 5 Ret Ret Ret 2 6 2 1 1 1 2 Ret 1 DSQ 1 Ret 2 125
6 Ret 2 Ret Ret 3 1 5 Ret 2 3 5 Ret 1 3 3 5
3 Italy Ferrari 27 2 4 DNS 5 Ret Ret 2 3 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 2 4 6 55.5
28 12 6 Ret 3 Ret Ret 4 Ret 3 5 Ret Ret 3 4 Ret Ret
4 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford 19 Ret 7 13 4 Ret 5 Ret Ret 8 8 4 5 6 6 Ret Ret 38.5
20 3 5 Ret Ret 1 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 3 6 5 11 7 4
5 Ireland Jordan-Ford 32 10 13 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 6 6 9 Ret Ret 10 9 Ret 9 13
33 DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 4 4 6 Ret 5 7 13 7 8 Ret Ret 8
6 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Honda 3 5 Ret Ret Ret 10 12 Ret 8 Ret 15 Ret Ret 13 17 Ret Ret 12
4 4 Ret Ret Ret 2 11 Ret 7 13 12 Ret Ret Ret 16 6 10
7 Italy Minardi-Ferrari 23 9 Ret 4 12 7 Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 12 Ret 4 13 Ret Ret 6
24 Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret 13 Ret 9 9 14 Ret 16
8 Italy Dallara-Judd 21 Ret 11 DNPQ 6 9 DNPQ DNPQ 10 10 Ret 8 10 Ret 15 Ret 7 5
22 Ret Ret 3 11 Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 12
9 United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 11 Ret 9 5 Ret Ret 9 DNQ 12 Ret 14 Ret 14 14 Ret Ret 19 3
12 DNQ DNQ 6 DNQ DNQ 10 10 14 DNQ DNQ 7 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret 11
10 United Kingdom Brabham-Yamaha 7 11 12 11 EX Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 9 13 12 10 5 DNQ 3
8 Ret Ret 8 Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 6 12 Ret Ret DNPQ 17
11 United Kingdom Lola-Ford 29 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ 2
30 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNQ
12 United Kingdom Leyton House-Ilmor 15 Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret 11 Ret 15 7 7 8 14 1
16 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 Ret 8 17 Ret Ret 20
France Ligier-Lamborghini 25 Ret 10 7 7 Ret 8 12 Ret 9 17 11 Ret 16 Ret 9 Ret 0
26 DNQ Ret 10 10 8 DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 10 Ret 11 11 Ret Ret 18
Italy Lambo-Lamborghini 34 7 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret 16 DNQ 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0
35 DNPQ DNPQ 9 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ
France AGS-Ford 17 8 Ret DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNPQ 0
18 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ
Italy Fondmetal-Ford 14 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 10 Ret DNPQ 12 11 DNPQ 0
United Kingdom Footwork-Ford 9 Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNQ 15 Ret DNQ 13 0
10 DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 10 15
United Kingdom Footwork-Porsche 9 Ret DNQ DNQ Ret Ret Ret 0
10 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ
Italy Coloni-Ford 31 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Pos Constructor Car
no.
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
MEX
Mexico
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Pts

Half points were awarded at the Australian Grand Prix as the race was stopped after 14 laps (out of 81) due to torrential rain.

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